Mysterious polio-like disease invades America

Mysterious polio-like disease invades America

WASHINGTON: While polio has been eradicated in most countries around the world, another outbreak in the United States with the outbreak of polio-like symptoms is commonly known as "AFM." Medical experts warn that by 2020 the disease may once again become pandemic in the United States. The disease has spread three times in the past five years.

The full name of the disease is "Acute Flaccid Myelitis" which severely weakens the arms and legs of the affected person by attacking the spinal cord and central nervous system. Although the effects are time-consuming, which can last for a few days, it has been observed in children for several months.

Scientists have not yet known what the underlying cause of AFM is, but the latest development is that the role of certain viruses belonging to a certain type of "anti-virus" virus in the disease. Has come out However, this idea remains to be finalized.

Symptoms of AFM range from difficulty in movement of the arms and legs to severe difficulty in breathing, which is caused by weakness in the muscles that help move and breathe.

Of all the patients who have been exposed to this disease since 2014, most of them have had the above mentioned symptoms as well as fever, cough, runny nose, vomiting and diarrhea; most of them are symptoms of seasonal cold. ۔

Experts say that in the past six years, 'AFM' has been outbreak three times, and each time its number of victims has been seen more than ever. First it showed 120 patients in 2014, the number increased to 153 in 2016 while the epidemic in 2018 affected 236 people. The majority of the victims of AFM-like polio were children.

With the outbreak of the AFM pandemic, experts are worried that the disease will be invasive again in 2020;